"Finally we’re seeing the fruits of FOIAs in a new article recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (Though it’s not open access yet, there’s coverage in The Guardian and supplementary tables are freely accessible.) The study demonstrates two things: first, non-profit publishers don’t gouge libraries nearly as much as for-profit publishers do (though bear in mind that a great many non-profit scholarly organizations outsource their publishing to for-profit giants and are therefore part of the problem). And second, the differences in pricing among schools are huge and difficult to justify. Are some librarians just better at negotiating? Are some reps soft touches? What factors are used in making these calculations?"