Almost twenty years ago, the Society for College and University Planning (SCUP) published Transforming Higher Education: A Vision for Learning in the 21st Ce... written by Michael G. Dolence and Donald M. Norris. THE served as a manifesto of how learning needed to be realigned, redesigned, redefined, and reengineering if it were to fulfill the needs of society in the emerging global Information Age. The following iconic diagram portrayed the interconnected nature of the 4 R’s of Transformation that were used as a lens to explore the elements of the transformative imperative